Dawn of the Dinosaurs: Triassic Period's Crucial Role in Reptilian Evolution
Marking the beginning of the Mesozoic Era after the catastrophic Permian-Triassic extinction event, the Triassic Period (252 million years ago to 201 million years ago) signifies a pivotal transitional phase laying the foundations for the later reign of majestic dinosaurs. Lasting over 50 million years,...
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The Age of Dinosaurs: Unraveling the Mesozoic Era
Welcome to a journey back in time to the Age of Dinosaurs, a period that has captured human imagination like no other. The Mesozoic Era, spanning approximately 180 million years from 252 to 66 million years ago, was a time of significant geological and biological transformation. In this article, we’ll...
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Nyiragongo volcano
Unraveling the Fury of Nature: Understanding Volcanic Eruptions
Hey there, fellow Earth enthusiasts! Today, we’re diving into one of the most thrilling aspects of our planet’s geology: volcanic eruptions. These spectacular, yet often devastating natural events have fascinated humans for millennia. Let’s explore what causes them, their impact, and...
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Plate Tectonics & Continental Drift
Plate Tectonics & Continental Drift: Earth's Moving Surface
Plate tectonics, the theory that explains the movement of Earth’s lithosphere, has revolutionized our understanding of the planet’s surface and its geological history. This article delves into the intricate workings of plate tectonics and its implications for continental drift, mountain formation,...
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The Grand Canyon. South Rim.
The Formation of the Grand Canyon: Exploring Geological History
The Grand Canyon, one of the most awe-inspiring natural wonders of the world, stands as a magnificent testament to the power of geological processes over millions of years. Its formation is a captivating story of earth science, involving the interplay of rock formation, plate tectonics, and erosion. The...
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Fly Geyser - Nevada
Fly Geyser aka Fly Ranch Geyser is a small geothermal geyser that is situated approximately 20 miles (32 km) north of Gerlach, in Washoe County. It’s particularly notable for its vibrant colors and unique appearance. Fly Geyser showcases the intersection of human activity and geological processes. Origin...
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What are Fossils?
Fossils are typically bones or teeth that have been preserved for many years in various forms of sediment. When silica or calcite in groundwater seeps into the bone spaces, calcium phosphate of the bone is preserved. These artifacts, often studied by paleontologists, give us a glimpse into the natural...
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New extremely distant Solar System object found during hunt for Planet X
Carnegie’s Scott Sheppard and his colleagues—Northern Arizona University’s Chad Trujillo, and the University of Hawaii’s David Tholen—are once again redefining our Solar System’s edge. They discovered a new extremely distant object far beyond Pluto with an orbit that supports the presence of an even-farther-out,...
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Visitors to the Museum’s Spitzer Hall of Human Origins can see how modern humans differ from early humans and primate relatives, including in our ability to walk upright. D. Finnin/© AMNH
When Did Human Feet Become “Made for Walking”?
How and when did early humans start walking upright? For clues, researchers have been looking at feet—and, more specifically, at toes. Bipedalism was a critical step in human evolution, and one that affected so many subsequent evolutionary changes in our lineage, from social behavior to the development...
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Mountains in Motion !
The Alps are on the go: The mountain range drifts northwards an average of one-half millimeter every year and rises 1.8 millimeters. However, there are strong regional variances. In order to follow these movements, researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have evaluated measurements made...
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Turnip Rock - Michigan
Turnip rock is a small Natural Geological formation known as a Stack (a geological landform consisting of a steep and often vertical column or columns of rock in the sea near a coast, formed by wave erosion) located in Lake Huron in shallow water a few meters offshore near the rock known as the Thumbnail. Due...
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Geologists uncover new clues about largest Mass Extinction ever
Geologists uncover new clues about largest Mass Extinction ever
A new study could help explain the driving force behind the largest mass extinction in the history of earth, known as the End-Permian Extinction. The event, also known as the Great Dying, occurred around 250 million years ago when a massive volcanic eruption in what is today the Russian province of Siberia...
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Image : Prehistoric Sea Life by Jim Trottier
A timescale for the origin and evolution of all of life on Earth
A new study led by scientists from the University of Bristol has used a combination of genomic and fossil data to explain the history of life on Earth, from its origin to the present day. Palaeontologists have long sought to understand ancient life and the shared evolutionary history of life as a whole. However,...
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image: baselinecaribbean
Old Species Learn New Tricks Very Slowly
A quick look at the fossil record shows that no species lasts forever. On average, most species exist for around a million years, although some species persist for much longer. A new study published in Scientific Reports from paleontologists at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama shows...
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Oldest-ever Igneous Meteorite Contains Clues to Planet Building Blocks
Scientists believe the solar system was formed some 4.6 billion years ago when a cloud of gas and dust collapsed under gravity, possibly triggered by a cataclysmic explosion from a nearby massive star or supernova. As this cloud collapsed, it formed a spinning disk with the sun in the center. Piece by...
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A dozen new moons of Jupiter discovered, including one “oddball”
Twelve new moons orbiting Jupiter have been found—11 “normal” outer moons, and one that they’re calling an “oddball.”  This brings Jupiter’s total number of known moons to a whopping 79—the most of any planet in our Solar System. A team led by Carnegie’s Scott S. Sheppard first spotted the moons in the...
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The Immortal Bridge, China
On the top of Tai Shan (Mount Tai) in China there is the so-called Immortal Bridge, a beautiful and remarkable formation of arch. The arch is made up of single huge rolling stones, which once fell between the rocks and remained stuck between them. At first glance it is difficult to believe that a man...
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Increased water vapor in Earth’s atmosphere due to human activities is making shimmering high-altitude clouds more visible, a new study finds. The results suggest these strange but increasingly common clouds seen only on summer nights are an indicator of human-caused climate change, according to the...
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waitomo caves
Waitomo Glowworm Caves - New Zealand
Waitomo is a village located in the northern King Country region of the North Island of New Zealand. The village is popular for the Glow Worm Caves which is a solutional cave system formed in  Oligocene.
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